Gilroy is a city located in Santa Clara County, California, USA. As of the United States 2000 Census, the city had a total population of 41,464. In the late 1990s and 2000s, the city experienced a sharp boom in new housing due to the conversion of orchards and other agricultural land to urban use. Gilroy is well known for its garlic crop; the Gilroy Garlic Festival occurs annually, featuring various garlicky foods including garlic ice cream. Gilroy also produces mushrooms in considerable quantity.
Approximately eight miles northeast of Gilroy, via Gilroy Hot Springs Road, lies the famous Victorian resort Gilroy Yamato Hot Springs, a California Historical Landmark. Gilroy also is home to the Gilroy Premium Outlets, a gigantic shopping mall consisting entirely of outlet stores. Well known Gilroy residents include Jeff Garcia, Paul Lacoste, and influential garlic farmer Don Christopher.
Gilroy is located at 37°0'43"N, 121°34'48"W (37.012048, -121.580080). It is approximately 60 km (37 mi) south of San Jose, California on U.S. Highway 101 and 24 km (15 mi) inland from the Pacific Coast. Lying in a southern extension of the Santa Clara Valley at an elevation of about 61 m (200 ft) above MSL, it is bounded by the Santa Cruz Mountains to the west and the Diablo Range to the east.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.1 km2 (15.9 mi2). 41.1 km2 (15.9 mi2) of it is land and 0.06% is water.
As of the United States 2000 Census, there are 41,464 people, 11,869 households, and 9,590 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,010.1/km2 (2,615.2/mi2). There are 12,152 housing units at an average density of 296.0/km2 (766.5/mi2). The racial makeup of the city is 58.91% White, 1.80% African American, 1.59% Native American, 4.37% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 27.73% from other races, and 5.35% from two or more races. 53.78% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 11,869 households out of which 47.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% are married couples living together, 14.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 19.2% are non-families. 14.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.46 and the average family size is 3.74.
In the city the population is spread out with 32.6% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 30 years. For every 100 females there are 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 98.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $62,135, and the median income for a family is $65,330. Males have a median income of $45,759 versus $34,710 for females. The per capita income for the city is $22,071. 10.4% of the population and 7.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 12.8% of those under the age of 18 and 6.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.